TRO'AS (tro'az; Gk. the Troad, region about Troy). A city on the coast of Mysia, opposite the SE extremity of the island of Tenedos, and near Troy. It was formerly called Antigonia Troas, having been built by Antigonus; but it was embellished by Lysimachus and named Alexandria Troas in honor of Alexander the Great. It flourished under the Romans and, with its environs, was raised by Augustus to be a colonia. It was while in Troas that Paul received the divine intimation that he was to carry the gospel into Europe (Acts 16:8-11); where he rested for a short time on the northward road from Ephesus (during the next missionary journey), in the expectation of meeting Titus (2 Cor 2:12-13); where on his return southward he met those who had preceded him from Philippi (Acts 20:5-6), and remained a week; and where, years after, he left a cloak, some books, and parchments in the house of Carpus (2 Tim 4:13).
BIBLIOGRAPHY: E. M. Blaiklock, Cities of the New Testament (1965), pp. 35-38.
(From The New Unger's Bible Dictionary. Originally published by Moody Press of Chicago, Illinois. Copyright (c) 1988.)
Alexandria Troas, now Eshki Stamboul, "old Constantinople." A city of Mysia, S. of ancient Troy, opposite the island Tenedos. The country was called the Troad. Antigonus built and Lysimachus enlarged. Troas. It was the chief port between Macedonia and Asia Minor. The roads to the interior were good. Suetonius says Julius Caesar designed to establish there the seat of his empire (Caesar, 79); Augustus and Constantine meditated the same project. Roman sentiment attracted them to Troas, the alleged seat from whence Aeueas, the fabled progenitor of Rome's founder, originally migrated. The rains are large, and the harbour still traceable, a basin 400 ft. by 200 ft.
Here on his second missionary tour Paul saw the vision of the man of Macedon praying, "come over and help us" (Acts 16:8-12). During his next missionary tour Paul rested a while in his northward journey from Ephesus, hoping to meet Titus (2 Cor 2:12-13). On his return from this his first gospel preaching in Europe, he met at Troas those who went before him front Philippi; he stayed at T. seven days, and here restored to life Eutychus who had fallen from the third loft, being overwhelmed with sleep during Paul's long sermon: a reproof of carelessness and drowsiness in church on the one hand, and of long and late preaching on the other (Acts 20:5-13). Here after his first imprisonment he left his cloak, books, and parchments in Carpus' house (2 Tim 4:13). Troas had then the jus Italicum. Beautiful coins of Troas are extant, the oldest bearing the head of Apollo Sminthius. The walls enclose a rectangle, one mile from E. to W. and one mile from N. to S.
(from Fausset's Bible Dictionary, Electronic Database Copyright (c)1998 by Biblesoft)
(tro'-as) (Troas): The chief city in the Northwest of Asia Minor, on the coast of Mysia in the Roman province of Asia. From here, according to Acts 16:8, Paul sailed. Here, also, according to Acts 20:5-12, Paul raised Eutychus from the dead. The name Troas was not confined to the town itself, but it was also applied to the surrounding district, or to that part of the coast which is now generally known as the Troad. In its early history it bore the name of Antigona Troas, which was given it by its founder Antigonus, but after 300 BC it was generally known to the classical writers as Alexander Troas, a name given to it by Lysimachus. For a time the Seleucid kings made their homes at Troas. Later, when the city became free, it struck its own coins, of which vast numbers are found; a common type is one upon which is stamped a grazing horse. In 133 BC Troas came into the possession of the Romans, and later, during the reign of Augustus, it was made a Roman colonia, independent of the Roman governor of the province of Asia. Its citizens were then exempt from poll and land tax. During Byzantine times Troas was the seat of a bishopric.
The ruins of Troas, now bearing the name of Eski Stambul, are extensive, giving evidence of the great size and importance of the ancient city. They have, however, long been used as a quarry, and the columns of the public buildings were taken to Constantinople for use in the construction of the mosque known as the Yeni Valideh Jami. The site is now mostly overgrown with oaks, but from the higher portions of the ruins there is an extensive view over the sea and the neighboring islands. It is only with difficulty that one may now trace the city walls and locate the square towers which flanked them at intervals. Within the walls are the remains of the theater, the temple and the gymnasium, which was provided with baths. The port from which Paul sailed was constructed by means of a mole, with an outer and an inner basin. The most imposing of the ruins, however, is a large aqueduct which was built in the time of Trajan.
E. J. BANKS
(from International Standard Bible Encyclopaedia, Electronic Database Copyright (c)1996 by Biblesoft)
[TROW as] (the region around Troy)-an important city on the coast of MYSIA (see Map 7, C-2), in northwest Asia Minor (modern Turkey), visited at least three times by the apostle Paul (Acts 16:8,11; 20:5-6; 2 Cor 2:12; 2 Tim 4:13). Troas was situated about 16 kilometers (ten miles) southwest of Hissarlik, the ruins of ancient Troy.
At Troas, on his second missionary journey, the apostle Paul saw a vision of a "man of Macedonia" inviting him to preach the gospel of Christ in Europe (Acts 16:8-9). After ministering in Greece (Acts 20:2), Paul returned to Troas. Here he restored to life a young man named Eutychus, who had fallen from a third-story window while Paul preached late into the night (Acts 20:5-12).
The ruins of Troas extend over many miles. The city walls, about ten kilometers (six miles) in length, can still be traced. Remains of a stadium, baths, and a harbor are also still visible.
(from Nelson's Illustrated Bible Dictionary, Copyright (c)1986, Thomas Nelson Publishers)