KAVALA / NEAPOLIS
NEAP'OLIS (Grk. ne-ap'o-lis, "new city"). A place in northern Greece and a seaport town of Philippi, ten miles away. The modern city of more than fifty thousand inhabitants covers the site of the NT city; so there is little to see dating to the biblical period. Remains of a Roman aqueduct still stand. It was the place where Paul first landed in Europe (Acts 16:11) and the terminus of the great Egnatian Road. Its modern name is Kavalla.
(From The New Unger's Bible Dictionary. Originally published by Moody Press of Chicago, Illinois. Copyright (c) 1988.)
1. In Macedonia, the port of Philippi, ten miles off, where first in Europe Paul landed (Acts 16:11). The Turkish Kavalla. The mountains, including Mount Symbolum, form a noble background. Among the remains are those of Roman work in the substructions of a massive aqueduct, built on two tiers of arches, and carrying water from twelve miles' distance along the sides of Symbolum over the valley between the promontory and the mainland into Kavalla. The harbour has good anchorage. Dion Cassius (Hist. Rom. 47:35) mentions Neapolis as opposite Thasos, which is the position of Kavalla.
(from Fausset's Bible Dictionary, Electronic Database Copyright (c)1998 by Biblesoft)
(ne-ap'-o-lis) (Neapolis; Westcott and Hort, The New Testament in Greek, Nea Polis): A town on the northern shore the Aegean, originally belonging to Thrace but later falling within the Roman province of Macedonia. It was the seaport of Philippi, and was the first point in Europe at which Paul and his companions landed; from Troas they had sailed direct to Samothrace, and on the next day reached Neapolis (Acts 16:11). Paul probably passed through the town again on his second visit to Macedonia (Acts 20:1), and he certainly must have embarked there on his last journey from Philippi to Troas, which occupied 5 days (Acts 20:6). The position of Neapolis is a matter of dispute. Some writers have maintained that it lay on the site known as Eski (i.e. "Old") Kavalla (Cousinery, Macedoine, II, 109 ff), and that upon its destruction in the 6th or 7th century AD the inhabitants migrated to the place, about 10 miles to the East, called Christopolis in mediaeval and Kavalla in modern times. But the general view, and that which is most consonant with the evidence, both literary and archaeological, places Neapolis at Kavalla, which lies on a rocky headland with a spacious harbor on its western side, in which the fleet of Brutus and Cassius was moored at the time of the battle of Philippi (42 BC; Appian Bell. Civ. iv.106). The town lay some 10 Roman miles from Philippi, with which it was connected by a road leading over the mountain ridge named Symbolum, which separates the plain of Philippi from the sea.
The date of its foundation is uncertain, but it seems to have been a colony from the island of Thasos, which lay opposite to it (Dio Cassius xlvii.35). It appears (under the name Neopolis, which is also borne on its coins) as member both of the first and of the second Athenian confederacy, and was highly commended by the Athenians in an extant decree for its loyalty during the Thasian revolt of 411-408 BC (Inser. Graec., I, Suppl. 51). The chief cult of the city was that of "The Virgin," usually identified with the Greek Artemis. (See Leake, Travels in Northern Greece, III, 180; Cousinery, Voyage dans la Macedoine, II, 69 ff, 109 ff; Heuzey and Daumet, Mission archeol. de Macedoine, 11 ff.)
M. N. TOD
(from International Standard Bible Encyclopaedia, Electronic Database Copyright (c)1996 by Biblesoft).
[nee AP oh lus] (new city)-a seaport in northeastern Macedonia near the border of Thrace which served as the port city of Philippi (see Map 7, C-1). On his second missionary journey, the apostle Paul landed at Neapolis as he traveled from Troas and Samothrace to Philippi (Acts 16:11). Paul may have visited this city again on his second tour of Macedonia (Acts 20:1-2).
(from Nelson's Illustrated Bible Dictionary, Copyright (c)1986, Thomas Nelson Publishers)