What the Theory of Evolution Says
What Evolutionists Say We Ought to
Big Bang theory, proposed in 1917, explains the formation of the universe,
we should see stars and planets moving away from each other like particles
moving away from the point of an explosion.
We should also still see some radiation from the Big Bang’s fiery
explosion, predicted by physicist George Gamow and his students, in the
1940’s. Both of these
effects have been observed exactly as predicted.
What We Actually Observe in Nature
observe that the universe is expanding and most likely had a fiery
beginning. In 1914 astronomer
Vesto Slipher, cited by Kitty Ferguson, observed that some galaxies are
moving away from our Milky Way galaxy at enormous speeds as predicted
subsequently by the Big Bang theory.
In the late 1920’s another astronomer, Edwin Hubble, measured the
distance to and the velocity of many more of these galaxies establishing
the expansion rate for the universe.
Those galaxies farthest away, move at the greatest speeds.
If we could look back in time, all the matter of the universe might
appear in a very compact state at a very high temperature.
What Scientists Say
Some scientists have resisted
the Big Bang idea, possibly because it sounds too much like Biblical
Creation. In the 1920’s Albert Einstein proposed a rival theory of a
static universe --- infinitely large and indefinitely old --- with no
beginning (no Big Bang). He
had to change the general relativity equations to obtain these results.
However, this modified theory did not agree with actual
observations. Later, Einstein
was quoted as saying, “this was the greatest mistake of my life.”
Einstein finally accepted the necessity of a beginning and the
presence of a superior reasoning power, but not a personal God.
Explanations Offered By Creationists
All creationists believe God created the heavens and the earth as the Bible says in Genesis. Many creationists accept the Big Bang theory as a description of “how” God created the universe. They say that this theory echoes what the Bible says about “the beginning” in Genesis 1. There are two major groups of creationists: “old-earth” creationists and “young-earth” creationists. Both groups believe that God set up the laws of physics to allow the universe to run in a predictable way.